A cam is a theater rip usually done with a digital video camera. A mini
tripod is sometimes used, but a lot of the time this wont be possible,
so the camera make shake. Also seating placement isn’t always idle, and
it might be filmed from an angle. If cropped properly, this is hard to
tell unless there’s text on the screen, but a lot of times these are
left with triangular borders on the top and bottom of the screen. Sound
is taken from the onboard microphone of the camera, and especially in
comedies, laughter can often be heard during the film. Due to these
factors picture and sound quality are usually quite poor, but sometimes
we’re lucky, and the theater will be fairly empty and a fairly clear
signal will be heard.
TELESYNC (TS) -
A telesync is the same spec as a CAM except it uses an external audio
source (most likely an audio jack in the chair for hard of hearing
people). A direct audio source does not ensure a good quality audio
source, as a lot of background noise can interfere. A lot of the times a
telesync is filmed in an empty cinema or from the projection booth with
a professional camera, giving a better picture quality. Quality ranges
drastically, check the sample before downloading the full release. A
high percentage of Telesyncs are CAMs that have been mislabeled.
TELECINE (TC) -
A telecine machine copies the film digitally from the reels. Sound and
picture should be very good, but due to the equipment involved and cost
telecines are fairly uncommon. Generally the film will be in correct
aspect ratio, although 4:3 telecines have existed. A great example is
the JURASSIC PARK 3 TC done last year. TC should not be confused with
TimeCode , which is a visible counter on screen throughout the film.
SCREENER (SCR) -
A pre VHS tape, sent to rental stores, and various other places for
promotional use. A screener is supplied on a VHS tape, and is usually in
a 4:3 (full screen) a/r, although letterboxed screeners are sometimes
found. The main draw back is a “ticker” (a message that scrolls past at
the bottom of the screen, with the copyright and anti-copy telephone
number). Also, if the tape contains any serial numbers, or any other
markings that could lead to the source of the tape, these will have to
be blocked, usually with a black mark over the section. This is
sometimes only for a few seconds, but unfortunately on some copies this
will last for the entire film, and some can be quite big. Depending on
the equipment used, screener quality can range from excellent if done
from a MASTER copy, to very poor if done on an old VHS recorder thru
poor capture equipment on a copied tape. Most screeners are tran**erred
to VCD, but a few attempts at SVCD have occurred, some looking better
LETTERBOXED(1.85:1宽银幕) SCREENER. 主要的缺点是有“TICKER”（在屏幕下方滚
DVD-SCREENER (DVDscr) -
Same premise as a screener, but tranerred off a DVD. Usually letterbox
, but without the extras that a DVD retail would contain. The ticker is
not usually in the black bars, and will disrupt the viewing. If the
ripper has any skill, a DVDscr should be very good. Usually tranerred
to SVCD or DivX/XviD.
A copy of the final released DVD. If possible this is released PRE
retail (for example, Star Wars episode 2) again, should be excellent
quality. DVDrips are released in SVCD and DivX/XviD.
Tran**erred off a retail VHS, mainly skating/sports videos and XXX releases.
TV episode that is either from Network (capped using digital
cable/satellite boxes are preferable) or PRE-AIR from satellite feeds
sending the program around to networks a few days earlier (do not
contain “dogs” but sometimes have flickers etc) Some programs such as
WWF Raw Is War contain extra parts, and the “dark matches” and
camera/commentary tests are included on the rips. PDTV is capped from a
digital TV PCI card, generally giving the best results, and groups tend
to release in SVCD for these. VCD/SVCD/DivX/XviD rips are all supported
by the TV scene.
WWF RAW IS WAR包含多余的部分；”DARK MATCHES”和CAMERA/COMMENTARY测试被包
WORKPRINT (WP) -
A workprint is a copy of the film that has not been finished. It can be
missing scenes, music, and quality can range from excellent to very
poor. Some WPs are very different from the final print (Men In Black is
missing all the aliens, and has actors in their places) and others can
contain extra scenes (Jay and Silent Bob) . WPs can be nice additions to
the collection once a good quality final has been obtained.
能从最好到很差。有些WP可能和最终版本相差很远。(MEN IN BLACK的WP丢失了所
有的外星人，代之以演员)；另一些则包括多余的镜头(Jay and Silent Bob). WPs
DivX Re-Enc -
A DivX re-enc is a film that has been taken from its original VCD
source, and re-encoded into a small DivX file. Most commonly found on
file sharers, these are usually labeled something like
Film.Name.Group(1of2) etc. Common groups are SMR and TND. These aren’t
really worth downloading, unless you’re that unsure about a film u only
want a 200mb copy of it. Generally avoid.
A lot of films come from Asian Silvers/PDVD (see below) and these are
tagged by the people responsible. Usually with a letter/initials or a
little logo, generally in one of the corners. Most famous are the “Z”
“A” and “Globe” watermarks.
很多从Asian Silvers/PDVD (参看下面)来的电影带有制作人的标记。通常是一个
Asian Silvers / PDVD -
These are films put out by eastern bootleggers, and these are usually
bought by some groups to put out as their own. Silvers are very cheap
and easily available in a lot of countries, and its easy to put out a
release, which is why there are so many in the scene at the moment,
mainly from smaller groups who don’t last more than a few releases.
PDVDs are the same thing pressed onto a DVD. They have removable
subtitles, and the quality is usually better than the silvers. These are
ripped like a normal DVD, but usually released as VCD.
Asian Silvers / PDVD是亚洲盗版商发行影片的，通常被一些发布组织购买来当做
Due to scene rules, whoever releases the first Telesync has won that
race (for example). But if the quality of that release is fairly poor,
if another group has another telesync (or the same source in higher
quality) then the tag PROPER is added to the folder to avoid being
duped. PROPER is the most subjective tag in the scene, and a lot of
people will generally argue whether the PROPER is better than the
original release. A lot of groups release PROPERS just out of
desperation due to losing the race. A reason for the PROPER should
always be included in the NFO.
In the case of a VCD, if a release is subbed, it usually means it has
hard encoded subtitles burnt throughout the movie. These are generally
in malaysian/chinese/thai etc, and sometimes there are two different
languages, which can take up quite a large amount of the screen. SVCD
supports switch able subtitles, so some DVDRips are released with switch
able subs. This will be mentioned in the NFO file if included.
When a film has had a subbed release in the past, an Unsubbed release
may be released
A limited movie means it has had a limited theater run, generally
opening in less than 250 theaters, generally smaller films (such as art
house films) are released as limited.
An internal release is done for several reasons. Classic DVD groups do a
lot of .INTERNAL. releases, as they wont be dupe’d on it. Also lower
quality theater rips are done INTERNAL so not to lower the reputation of
the group, or due to the amount of rips done already. An INTERNAL
release is available as normal on the groups affiliate sites, but they
can’t be traded to other sites without request from the site ops. Some
INTERNAL releases still trickle down to IRC/Newsgroups, it usually
depends on the title and the popularity. Earlier in the year people
referred to Centropy going “internal”. This meant the group were only
releasing the movies to their members and site ops. This is in a
different context to the usual definition.
Straight To Video. Was never released in theaters, and therefore a lot
of sites do not allow these.
ASPECT RATIO TAGS -
These are WS for widescreen (letterbox) and FS for Fullscreen.
A recode is a previously released version, usually filtered through
TMPGenc to remove subtitles, fix color etc. Whilst they can look better,
its not looked upon highly as groups are expected to obtain their own
If a group releases a bad rip, they will release a Repack which will fix
A film can be nuked for various reasons. Individual sites will nuke for
breaking their rules (such as “No Telesyncs”) but if the film has
something extremely wrong with it (no soundtrack for 20mins, CD2 is
incorrect film/game etc) then a global nuke will occur, and people
trading it across sites will lose their credits. Nuked films can still
reach other sources such as p2p/usenet, but its a good idea to check why
it was nuked first in case. If a group realise there is something wrong,
they can request a nuke.
NUKE REASONS :: this is a list of common reasons a film can be nuked for
BAD A/R :: bad aspect ratio, ie people appear too fat/thin
BAD IVTC :: bad inverse telecine. process of converting framerates
INTERLACED :: black lines on movement as the field order is incorrect.
Dupe is quite simply, if something exists already, then theres no reason
for it to exist again without proper reason.